PAN Naga status: Repetition of Shillong Accord?

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“Love is the only force capable of transforming an enemy into a friend.”

-Martin Luther King (Jr)

Two years after signing of the Framework Agreement with NSCN(I-M), the Centre is all set dole out a solution to the vexed Naga issue by constituting a PAN Naga Hoho as the final settlement. Moves are afoot to grant a separate official flag under the accord expected to be signed shortly. Even as both Union government and NSCN(I-M) are tight-lipped, sources informed that a call has been taken to award a separate flag to Nagaland (read Nagalim). A separate flag is one of the 33 demands put forward by the Naga group during talks with Delhi, which has been on for the last few years. However, the NSCN(I-M)’s demand for a separate currency is ruled out by the government. Other demands include a separate constitution, dual citizenship and creation of “Nagalim” by integrating all Naga-inhabited areas of Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur and Nagaland. The state governments of Assam, Arunachal Pradesh and Manipur have already opposed to the idea of “integration of Naga-inhabited areas” by bringing them under single administrative control.

Under the final truce, certain items are expected to be transferred from the Central and Concurrent list of the Constitution to the State list, which will imply giving greater power for Nagaland. The peace accord is expected to figure in the upcoming session of Parliament as the document will have a few clauses requiring Parliamentary nod. These include the concept of “shared sovereignty”, “special constitutional privileges” to safeguard the traditional rights of Nagas with recognition of the “uniqueness of their history”. Nagaland is at present governed under Article 371 of the Constitution, which confers the right over land and resources to the Nagas. According to sources, the talks have been a closely guarded secret since August 2015, when the Prime Minister and senior government officials invited NSCN(I-M) leaders for talks to unveil a framework for the impending truce. Even officials of the ministry of home affairs and Intelligence Bureau (IB) are not privy to the discussions, with the National Security Council assuming a vital role that is steered by national Security Advisor Ajit Doyal and Joint Intelligence Committee chief RN Ravi, who is also interlocutor for the talks.

There are four major Naga rebel groups – NSCN(I-M), NSCN(K), NSCN(U) and NSCN(R) apart from NNC and FGN fighting for a sovereign land in Nagaland. But the final truce will be signed with leaders of NSCN(I-M) only. Only time will say whether this truce will be acceptable to other rebel groups or not. Even after more than two years, none from NSCN(I-M) or Union government have revealed the contents of Framework Agreement. It is believed that what NSCN(I-M) has been talking the points will be included in the document. Leaders of NSCN (I-M) know what they are doing and what they are going to do -to control all the Nagas. Will it be acceptable to other groups? Will the other groups give up violence to join the mainstream once the final accord is signed? The Shillong Accord resulted division and bloodshed in Nagaland. Not doubt, this new accord will strengthen the hand of NSCN(I-M) and its leader Muivah. In addition to this, people from Eastern Nagaland are still free from the hand of NSCN(I-M). The Pan-Naga Hoho is nothing for them. It is believed the final settlement will bring more disaster for Nagaland.


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