By Prafulla Kaman
PASIGHAT (East Siang), Aug 12: Foot and mouth disease (FMD) on Mithuns(Bos frontais) and other domestic animals, which was initially reported from Koyu and Korang circle of Lower Siang district in Arunachal Pradesh reportedly transmitted to Sangduptota circle in capital district Papumpare as it spreading very fast among mithuns and other wild animals.
In this connection, District veterinary department of Papumpare with the help of All Papum Poma Students’ Union organized two-day medical camp at Sangdupota on August 8 and 9 last wherein, animals including 47 mithuns, a cow and pigs suffered from FMD were give treatment by veterinary doctors.
The fatal epidemic was broke out in mithuns and domesticated cattle in Koyu and Korang circles in Lower Siang district and parts of East Siang during mid July this year. More than 100 mithuns and fifty cows reportedly died, while a large number of cattle have fallen sick with FMD.
The veterinary doctors say that the fatal viral disease at first started from wild animals like deer and wild boar and transmitted to domestic cattle. The veterinary officer asked the local people not to eat the flesh of the animals, infected by FMD.
The veterinary officials in the state are trying their level best to control the epidemic, but is facing problems due to lack of medicines and manpower shortage. The disease is rampantly spreading to western Arunachal district thereby created panic among the animal farmers.
“Massive death of livestock caused by FMD is causing great concern among the rural farmers of the state who are surviving on agriculture and animal rearing. We are demanding that the state veterinary directorate to introduce time-bound vaccination to prevent death of the worthy livestock caused by FMD”, said Rari Riba, an Arunachal BJP leader from Lower Siang district.
It may be recalled that FMD in epidemic form occurred in 57 villages of the hill state in 1994 and 1995. As many as 6,237 mithuns were infected and killing over 800 animals.
In the subsequent period, FMD outbreak in mithuns was reported from Kurung-Kumey, East Kameng and West Kameng districts in 2012, while it reportedly resurfaced in 2013 with epidemic form in West Siang and East Siang districts besides other eastern parts of the eastern Arunachal.